عنوان مقاله [English]
Resistance literature narrates the stability and resilience of nations whose lands and beliefs have been invaded by foreigners and enemies. Meanwhile, the works that express the bravery of this people are full of resistance themes that can appear in different forms depending on the culture of that people. In Iran, Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh, as the first versification of Iranians’ resistance, expresses a meaningful relationship between his epics and the themes of resistance literature in which these themes have appeared in three forms: specific, common and comparative; common themes such as patriotism, calling for unity and empathy, depiction of the suffering faces of people, etc., and specific themes such as fighting alone, adhering to fame, ammunition, respecting the dead of the enemy, as well as comparative themes such as praise of freedom in the form of praise of veterans, invitation of the leaders to fight instead of inviting the general public to do so, etc. Among these, some themes that cover the prominent and fixed themes of resistance literature are more prevalent among all nations, finding a higher frequency than other subjects. This article, using content analysis method with the aim of proving the existence of resistance literature in Iran and pointing out different themes of resistance literature in the epic section of Ferdowsi’s Shahnameh, has introduced the work as a comprehensive work from the perspective of resistance literature.