عنوان مقاله [English]
Ahmad Rami and Seyyed Ashrafeddin Guilani, nicknamed Nasim-e Shomal, are modern contemporary poets in the Egyptian Arabic movement and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution. Being a contemporary of each another, the two have the theme of resisting literature as one of the most important features of their poetry. The present research, using descriptive-analytical method and a comparative approach, examines the similarities and differences between the ideas of Ahmad Rami and Nasim-e Shomal in the application of the elements of resistance literature in their poems. The results of this study show that patriotism, freedom seeking, allusion to national heroes, hope for a promising future, invitation to fight, and calling for unity and solidarity are among the most important shared elements of resistance literature in their poetry. Also, both the poets express deep concern for and condemn the situations in the affairs of their countries. But the language of Nasim-e Shomal was more straightforward and biting than Ahmad Rami in criticizing the oppression of rulers and colonizers. Also, Nasim-e Shomal is more proficient than Rami in utilizing symbols in poetry, and, unlike Rami who writes frankly, he has often expressed his poetic messages ironically.
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